Red California Worms

A Guide to Recognizing California Red Worms

Vermicompost, also known as vermicompost, is formed as a result of the decomposition of organic wastes by both earthworms and other microorganisms.

Worms in the garden or soil in the natural environment cannot be used in the composting process. They will die when placed in a closed production environment or grow kit.

Compost worms specialize in surface dispersal in organic waste. They do not have the ability to feed deeply and spread.

The most preferred type of worm in the composting process is “Eisenia Fetida” (Red Wiggler/Tiger Worms) type worms. Another species is its taller cousin “Eisenia Hortensis” (European Nightcrawler). The Red Wiggler is the number one choice as a compost worm. European Nightcrawler type worms are more prominent as fish food or pet food.

Common names for Eisenia Fetida are: red californian worm (red california worm), red wiggler (red wiggler), brandling worm (red worm), manure worm (dung worm), tiger worm (tiger worm).

Eisenia Fetida type worms are not a creature that can be found in the wild. You can only find this type of worm in a vermiculture facility. They are not a type of worm that can live in outdoor conditions, they were hybridized by humans in the culture environment.

Lumbricus rubellus is another type of worm. Known as reddish worm; however, it is not as effective as red wiggler in fertilizer production.

How much food the compost worms consume depends entirely on the quality of its environment and the richness of the food it eats. In an optimum production environment, it can consume twice its own weight in food per day; otherwise, it may be fed under its own weight. For example, compost worms grown in the home environment consume only their own weight or less food in a day; In a facility with optimized production conditions, it can consume twice its own weight in food.

Red california worms do not recycle organic waste on their own. Beneficial fungi, various microorganisms and protozoa in the food are also part of the organic transformation, and sometimes these microorganisms are used as the main food source for worms.

Many studies conducted around the world have shown that in the composting process by worms, many biological solids and harmful pathogens in waste materials are destroyed (transformed) by worms.

Red california worms love moist environments and can even tolerate humidity levels of up to 90%; however, it is important to get the right humidity and make sure that enough oxygen is provided.

Red California worms are experts at superficial colonization. For this reason, the fact that the surface area is large and sufficient in their environment is more important than the depth of this area. The larger the surface they have, the more they reproduce.

A bright yellow or white light is harmful to worms; A red light is not harmful.

The eggs of red California worms look like small straw-colored lemons.

Baby worms are like copies of adult worms. It just has less red pigment.

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